The campaign opened with two French corps
deployed forward to cover the crossings of the river Ebro, and two more in
The four Spanish corps were
concentrated just west of the river, and both 3rd and 4th
corps had already crossed to the east bank.
A British corps had sailed from Alicante and was approaching Vinaros.
7 August 1813
The Spanish attempted to storm the French
garrisons at Flix and Miravat, but failed.2nd Spanish corps then laid siege to the garrison at
Meanwhile the French corps
were concentrating their corps by abandoning isolated garrisons.Both 7th and 8th
French corps were marching west to support the forward corps.
The British fleet had arrived at Vinaros.
8 August 1813
Miravat is still under siege by 2nd
Spanish corps.But 17th
French corps is moving to raise the siege.Both 7th and 8th French corps are moving west
To the north 16th Italian corps
is becoming isolated as 3rd and 4th Spanish corps move
The English fleet has finally landed at
Vinaros and has started to disembark 5th British corps.However it will be two days before they are
ready to march north and east
9 August 1813
16th Italian corps must decide
whether to raise the siege of Flix and save their brigade there, or withdraw to
Lerida to secure their communications and abandon the garrison of Flix.Unless they retreat promptly they face a
battle with 3rd and 4th Spanish corps.
17th French corps face a similar
problem at Tortosa.They have a
brigade at Miravat, which is under siege by 2nd Spanish corps.However 1st Spanish corps is
poised to take Tortosa should the French move to Miravat
7th and 8th French
corps are approaching Miravat and are available to raise the siege.
The French are unaware that 5th
British corps have landed at Vinaros and are now ready to move north to support
the Spanish effort.
10 August 1813
This was the day when the initiative passed
from the Spanish to the French, and they were not slow to take advantage.
The battle of Torrente started at first
light.16th Italian corps
managed to withdraw to the east of Torrente, and join the garrison on the
Lerida road.4thSpanish corps occupied Torrente, but
were too slow to close with the Italians before nightfall.3rd Spanish corps did attack and
suffered heavy casualties, as did 16th Italian corps.At nightfall the Italians retreated towards
The battle of Miravat started at midday
when 8th French corps attacked 2nd Spanish corps who were
covering the siege of Miravat.It
took most of the afternoon for the French to deploy and launch their
attack.The Spanish quickly broke and
withdrew towards Gandesa, raising the siege of Miravat
The battle of Tortosa also started at
midday when 1st Spanish corps and 17th French corps
clashed as they both approached Tortosa.The Spanish fell back to the bridge over the river Ebro, and the French
were unable to reach them before nightfall.
5th British corps reached
Amposta just as night fell.But they
were too late to take part in the battle of Tortosa.
7th French corps have reached
Reus.They should join the main French
army within a day, unless they halt to allow their detachments to rejoin the
11 August 1813
A day of frantic activity for both armies. The defeated from the previous day’s battle
retreated in an attempt to find somewhere to halt and regroupThe victors prepared to take advantage of
the new circumstances.
In the north 16th Italian corps
retreated to Lerida, hotly pursued by 4th Spanish corps.
3rd Spanish corps retired south
to reestablish their lines of supply with Capse, whilst maintaining the siege
2nd Spanish corps retreated west
of the river Ebro and deployed to hold the bridge.8th French corps paused at Miravat to regroup.
1st Spanish corps also retreated
west of the river, to hold the bridge at Amposta.Here they were joined by 5th British corps.Opposite them 17th French corps
held Tortosa and observed the combined allied corps with caution.
7th French corps has reached
Reus.They are still too far from the
centre of operations to have an influence on events.
Murray has met with Copons in an attempt to
coordinate a Spanish/British attack, but has met with little more than
promises.He must now decide whether
to push ahead on his own, or wait for the promised Spanish support.
12 August 1813
16th Italian corps have decided
to make a stand at Mora.They fight an
inconclusive skirmish with the advance guard of 4th Spanish corps,
who deploy for battle.
8th French corps have suffered a
comprehensive defeat at Miravat, and rout towards Flix pursued by British and
7th French corps have arrived at
Cambrils, just too late to support 8th French corps.
The Spanish CinC calls a conference with
Murray and Elio to decide how best to exploit the crushing defeat of 8th
Despite orders to hold Tortosa, Halbert
orders an attack on the bridge over the river Ebro.1st Spanish corps are well deployed to resist such an
attack, and their artillery cause the leading French brigade to rout as soon as
they attempt to cross the bridge.
13 August 1813
Despite their casualties 16th
Italian corps put up a brave fight, but eventually lost to 4th
Spanish corps.Both corps suffered
heavy casualties, and the Italian corps ceased to be operational.
8th French corps continued their retreat throughout the night, pursued by 2nd Spanish corps. As they approached Flix they were confronted by 3rd Spanish corps, who were themselves recovering from battle casualties. Unable to field a single formed brigade to break through, 8th corps surrendered. The French garrison in Flix had been under siege for some days, the loss of 8th corps was the final straw and they also surrendered.
3rd Spanish corps withdrew to
Flix to rest and recover.It would be
some days before they could hope to take the field again.
5th British and 2nd
Spanish corps are now concentrated at Miravat, and have agreed to launch a
joint attack on 7th French corps at Cambrils on 14 August.
17th French corps have slipped
away from Tortosa to join 7th French corps at Cambrils.As night falls 1st Spanish corps
are unaware of their departure.
14 August 1813
5th British and 2nd
Spanish corps attack Cambrils at daylight, but abandon the attack as soon as
they realize that they are opposed by 7th and 17th French
7th corps deploy west of the
Mora road to allow 16th Italian corps to retreat to Cambrils.
17th corps move west, but halt
when the British withdraw.
4th Spanish approach Cambrils
during the late afternoon in pursuit of 16th Italian corps
1st Spanish occupy Tortosa and
move north towards Cambrils.
As night falls Suchet becomes aware that he
is facing four allied corps.With only
two French corps he immediately orders a retreat to Reus.
As the French abandon Tortosa and the line
of the river Ebro it is clear that the Spanish have achieved a notable